When a court does sentencing it is judgement on the defendant, to which this means the punishment or discipline will go forward. (Carp,2017) The sentencing reform act was passed by the congress because it was part of the comprehensive Crime Control act around 1983. (n.d.,1984) When the sentencing reform act passed it helped law discrepancy and fix certain crimes that were committed. This act was developed in the U.S. sentencing commission also called USSC. USSC has about seven people that are chosen by the president but approved by the senate. These individuals are chosen by their skills in the criminal justice filed and held with choosing lengths of sentencing (n.d.1984)
Sentencing procedures can range from months to years, these procedures decide what may be included in the sentencing which means what kind of punishment to factor. (Guidelines Manual, 2016) Judges look over all the factors early to decide the sentencing of the defendant. The required sentences are laws that involve prison terms that have a period for individuals who are found guilty of a federal or state violation. Judges now can not decide certain violations. The necessary sentences are now recommended by federal judges to punish longer prison time, no matter how little the offense could be (what are mandatory minimum sentencing law, n.d.)
I think that the sentencing act has a good purpose. The sentencing acts main part was to decrease the difference in sentencing and remove possible unnecessary leniency (e.g. Two individuals who committed the same crime would receive an identical sentence.) With these guidelines set it allows the judges to see any diminishing factors that could influence the range if a sentence.
With the research I have done it lead me to conclude that having firm guidelines is considerably ideal then having a required small sentence is wasteful. Judges are incapable to acknowledge different factors when some required small sentences are affected but I do not thing that justice can be achieved.
The authors Gertner and Bains from the Washington Post article (2017) tried to convince that the smaller sentences are “harsh and inefficient” as disagreement to lawyer Jeff Sessions who wanted them to reestablish “moral and just”. These authors also plea that smaller sentences have enlarged the prison population, raised racial difference. They also plea that the smaller sentences “waste human ability” and diminish poor neighborhoods.
In conclusion, I would like to say that I hope the system can get better if all crimes now or previously are protected by a small sentencing law. Although, there should be an impediment for violating a crime but if it declines social or business-related environment in poverty- stricken neighborhood.
What are Mandatory Minimum Sentencing Laws, (n.d.) retrieved June 12, 2018, from http:// www. attorneys.com/ criminal -defense/what-are-mandatory-minimum-sentencing-laws
Carp, R., Stidham. Manning, K., Holmes, (2017). Judicial Process in America, Tenth Edition
United States Sentencing Commission (August 18, 2016) Retrieved June 13th, 2018, http:// www.ussc.gov
2016 Guideline Manual. (November,1, 2016) Retrieved June 13th,2018, from http:// www.ussc.gov /Guidelines/2012
Sentencing Reform Act (1984). (n.d.) Retrieved June 12th, 2018, from http:// www.encyclopedia .com
Gertner, N., Bains, C. (May 15, 2017) Analysis/ Mandatory Minimum Sentences are cruel and ineffective, Retrieved June 11th, 2018, from http:// www. Washingtonpost.com