The purpose of this essay is to understand the development of norms and the effects of roles

The purpose of this essay is to understand the development of norms and the effects of roles, labels, and social expectations in a simulated prison environment. Milgram and Zimbardo’s experiments occur, Baumrind believes the trust the teacher creates with the experimenter can also be a cause of psychological stress once the purpose of the research is disclosed. She explains the “potentially harmful” emotional consequences, by arguing, “it could easily effect an alteration in the subjects self-image or ability to trust adult authorities in the future” (Baumrind 227), because the realization that they could have hurt the “learner” becomes extremely hard to accept. The prisoners were to remain anonymous and only referred to themselves and others by their ID number. As a substitute for shaving their heads, the prisoners were forced to wear a stocking cap. The act of shaving a prisoner’s head is to remove as much individuality as possible. As for the guards, they were not trained on how to act and they were told that within limits, they were allowed to do what they thought was necessary to keep order in the prison and command respect from the prisoners. There were many results, but perhaps the most important was simply this: The simulation became so real, and the guards became so abusive, that the experiment had to be shut down after only 6 days rather than the two weeks planned. the study was approved by the Stanford Human Subjects Review Committee, the Stanford Psychology Department, and the Group Effectiveness Branch of the Office of Naval Research. In addition, the Student Health Department was alerted to the study and prior arrangements were made for any medical care the participants might need.