The overuse of social media on the cellphone may negatively impact the health of an adolescent. This relatively new form of technology has become the platform for communication that people use all around the world. It has become the center of life for many teenagers. However, today many of them use it for hours at a time and this can have negative impacts on their health. There is a wide spectrum of consequences that range from affecting their mental health to diminishing social capabilities or being cyberbullied by other kids. On the contrary, there are some positive benefits to social media as well such as giving adolescents who have difficulty communicating with others the chance to make friendships or allowing someone who is lonely to speak with other people.
II. Counter Argument
Adolescents are able to connect with other teenagers through the use of social media. Those who have difficulty with communication skills are able to talk online and create new friendships. Some teenagers have a hard time interacting and involving themselves with other people when they are face to face. While talking on this social platform it gives them the capability of “enhancing friendships” (Twenge 1) and “connecting with other teens” (Hurley 2). There are also certain individuals who have the feeling of loneliness but are now able to be connected with others which “can be the difference between living in isolation and finding support” (Hurley 2). Instead of spending most of their time alone or making some bad decisions “social media replaces negative activities or isolation” (Twenge 2).
III. First Main Point
There may be some good outcomes with the use of social media, however, there are many more negative effects. One of the negative impacts is that it may alter the state of their mental health. Their emotions and how they perceive themselves are susceptible to being changed. While looking through social media teenagers will see images of people they know and it always seems that they look so confident, happy, and always have a good appearance. This causes those who see these images to second guess how they look which is “promoting anxiety and lowering self-esteem” (Ehmke 1). A survey conducted by the Royal Society for Public Health showed that platforms such as Snapchat, Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram lead to “increased feeling of depression, anxiety, poor body image and loneliness” (Ehmke 2). Having the feeling that there is always a need to be as good as everyone else can harm the mental stability of young minds. Also, there was a study which “found that 48% of teens who spend five hours a day on an electronic device have at least one suicide risk factor” (Shafer 1). The longer an adolescent spends time using this kind of technology the worse their mental state becomes. Other information has shown that the brain works and functions may be altered as well. Social media can play a large role in the life of a growing teenager and when it becomes overused it can “affect their developing brain by impacting how it processes information, reacts to situations, and remembers events” (Treyvaud 1). With this information it can be said that spending too much time online is likely to damage the process of development within the brain. Research has also shown adolescents are susceptible “to experience mental health problems such as psychological distress” (Treyvaud 3).
IV. Second Main Point
Social communication skills are more likely to take a hit when adolescents don’t spend enough time communicating with other people face to face. When teens spend a majority of the time speaking to people indirectly they aren’t learning how to speak with others first hand. Since there are a large portions of teens who mostly talk online “many of them are establishing social interaction skills that don’t necessarily apply to the offline world” (Treyvaud 3). The skills learned on how to speak with people while on this kind of platform will not be used in the real world. Spending such a large amount of time using this kind of communication makes adolescents more adept to “struggling to develop effective social skills” (Treyvaud 3). Because there is such a lack of experience, thoughts on direct communication will be affected. There are kids who don’t like speaking on the phone because “it requires more direct communication” (Ehmke 4). Most of them are not used to this way of speaking to others which is why they feel so uncomfortable when talking on the phone. Those who grow up without having a foundation on how to speak with people first hand will “be adults who are anxious about our species’ primary means of communication-talking”n (Ehmke 4).
V. Third Main Point
The physical health of teens is susceptible to being harmed. When teens spend too much time online the amount of sleep they get is on the line. Notifications and messages are always popping up on the screens of a phone and this can “greatly disrupt sleep patterns by compelling teens to stay up late or wake throughout the night to check notifications” (Treyvaud 3). When they continuously check to see if anything new has appeared on their phones there is blue light that is released from the screens which can confuse the brains sleeping cycles. It has been shown that kids spending three or more hours a day on a phone “were 28% more likely
When a developing adolescent spends too much time on social media there can be negative consequences to their personal health. There may be some good to these social platforms like allowing people to create and enhance friendships or giving someone who is lonely the chance to speak with others but harm to mental, social and physical health outweighs the good. These different areas of health are part of almost every aspect of life which means that social media can harm teenagers on a day to day basis.