The origins of the word can be traced to the Latin phrase prosa oratio or "straight and
unembellished speech"). Some people also refer to the earlier phrase pro versusm or
"turned forward" when discussing the etymology of the word.
Prose is a lot more normal as it use a language that is ordinarily used while writing or
speaking. Prose differs from poetry in its unit of construction. While poetry is built in
terms of verses and stanzas, Prose is written in term of sentences and paragraphs.
It developed later than poetry and its style is usually traceable to particular author or
genre. It lacks a meter or rhythmical pattern that forms the underpinning of most forms
Magazine articles, novels, short stories, encyclopedias, letters, editorials, articles, and
journals are all examples of prose
The various characteristics of Prose are:
1-Style of content:
The content of the Prose can be fictional, nonfictional and heroic.
Fictional Prose employs creative design and imaginative writing. The examples can be
parables, drama, novels and short stories. When writing is fact based it is called non
fictional prose. The examples can be biographies, and formal essays.
Heroic Prose is based on the lore or popular tales. It employs aggrandizement of age old
expressions which are often transmitted through oral traditions. They include fables,
lore and legends.
Often a single piece of writing may employ various different styles and tastes of content
in order to enhance the experience of meaning making by the audience. The diverse
abilities of fiction, non-fiction and lore can create a holistic and wholesome process of
indulging in a piece of Prose writing.
There are broadly four forms of prose. They are: narrative, descriptive, expository and
The narrative form builds a storyline with characters. The story can be fiction or non-
fiction. It usually follows a set chronology (not always) and the sequence of exposition,
building tension and action, climax, denouement.
Expository form provides unembellished and basic information like in essays and
speeches. It tries to explain a phenomenon, topics and themes. They lack an
argumentative pitch or storytelling ability.
Descriptive form provides details about something like in scientific or medical reports.
They also lack any story or argument. It uses the five senses and builds in-depth
information on the chosen topic. It is often used with narrative, persuasive and
Persuasive form tries to entice the reader by making argument in favor of a point. It
provides ample evidence for merits or disadvantages of the determined point and tries
to convince the audience of the same. It lacks storyline as well.
The construction of Prose is often dependent of some elements like characters, theme,
setting, plot, perspective and mood
Character is an individual who plays a part in any story. Characterization is the entire
process of developing a character. Characters can be people or animals. The story
depends on the interaction and relationships between various characters. Examples of
characters are protagonist, antagonist, helper, anti-Hero, villain etc.
Theme is the controlling idea or message of a story. It is often shown as a result of the
actions of characters and their changing relationships. A story can also have certain sub
themes that aid the development of the controlling idea.
Setting is the background of the story. It includes information about the place and the
time of the story, the context (social, historical, culture or geographical).
The sequence of events in a story is its plot. It depicts the flow of ideas and actions in a
story. It works on the points of conflict, human rivalries and difficulties. It can be
plausible and linear or completely bizarre with unexpected twists and turns.
Perspective or point of view is the angle of looking at the subject and the entire story. It
can be in first-person (narrator is part of the story) or in third-person (narrator is not a
part of the story).
The mood represents the overall feeling the author intends to create for the audience. It
is the creation of an atmosphere of emotions by adding imagery, situations, things, ideas
or events and other details (sensory and extra-sensory) to the setting.
It can be sad, triumphant, ecstatic, hopeful, tragic etc.