The Newcomen engine was the world’s first successful atmospheric steam engine. It was invented by Thomas Newcomen in 1712. The original purpose of the Newcomen engine was intended to pump water from mines. The Newcomen engine was gradually replaced after 1755 in the areas where coal was expensive by an improved design invented by James Watt. The new machine was much ore fuel efficient.Luddites were British weavers and textile workers who objected to the increased use of automated looms and knitting frames. They were known for breaking into factories and smashing textile machines. The authorities responded by having the France Breaking Act, where if one was found guilty of destroying machinery, they would be killed.