The impact of such a loss in a family is experienced by its members in different types of trauma that each one of the family deals with. The two types of experiencing trauma, melancholy and mourning are displayed by the three basic characters of the story: Oskar, his grandfather and his grandmother. In Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close, these two ways of reacting to and dealing with trauma are embodied respectively by the protagonist’s paternal grandfather and by his paternal grandmother, both survivors of the Allied firebombing of Dresden in 1945. Foer ties up this ‘old’ trauma with a fresh one – 9 ? 11 – by having the Schells lose their only son, the protagonist’s father, in the World Trade Center.