The authenticity of the results increases when it is validates with literature related to it. The present study design is a purposive sampling techique. Findings of the study regarding gender power dynamics on reproductive health decisions among married women in Pakistan. Anwar, Shoaib, & Javaid (2013) studied on the women’s autonomy and their role at household decision making.Today,women are so empowered and autonomous due to education,knowledge,awareness and freedom of speech.138married women were selected from four villages of Tehsil Sambrial,Sialkot.The study concluded that there is a positive relation between women’s autonomy and their role in decision making at household level that shows that in Pakistan,women are still less empowered and dependent on their male members of the family (Anwar, Shoaib, & Javaid, 2013).
The findings of the present study reveal that there is a significant difference between scores of the use of family planning methods and work status. In this study, we found that employed women have more autonomy in family planning decisions than unemployed women. Employed women used more contraceptive techniques than unemployed women. Most of the women reported that withdrawal is an effective method. Most of the respondents reported that financial situations and desire for a daughter may be a hurdle among the size of family planning.Similar findings were seen in the research by Arooj et.,al (2012) focusing on Married Women having paid work & education are more likely to participate in decision making. Independence of women’s autonomy is positively associated with employment, education, number of living children and age. Educated women have consent of marriage (93.3%), have autonomy to purchase their household items (46.7%), have political autonomy (86.7%) whereas illiterate women having no purchasing power (0.0%) and political decision making (77.8%) .Contraceptive use is significantly associated with decision autonomy than autonomy of movement (Arooj et.al.,2013).
In the present study, the results indicated that there is no difference between women’s household decision-making power among educated and uneducated married women. This is also supported by the findings of Fatima’s study (2014) that there were equal response about the women’s autonomy at household.The study concluded that women are less empowered due to male dominancy in Pakistan. In the case of Pakistan, the statistics show that women are less empowered in education and labor force sectors.A results were non-significant at household level ,it may be said that an educated is not the key under women empowerment. (Fatima, 2014).
On the other hand, Matthews et al. (2005) studied on women’s autonomy in household decisions. We concluded that in Pakistan,women are the best leaders in household levels that’s why women usually purchase household items by herself. That’s why women are mostly purchase these items which show women autonomy because they can continue purchasing these things if they are not stopped by anyone from the household (Shoaib, Saeed ; Cheema, 2012).
In the present study, the study indicated that there is no difference between the age and contraceptive use. It may be said that mostly women were between 20-30 years of age in our present research. According to the TDHS,15-19married women used lowest family planning methods (KISA, ZEYNELOGLU, ; DELIBAS, 2013). And the in the current research the finding also illustrates that 53% women reported that they used condom under aged 20-30 years.76% participants in this study had used contraceptive vaginal ring.63% women used female condom to avoid pregnancies. Only 20% participants preferred the withdrawal method, which is not a modern method.
In the present study, the findings indicated that there are significant results between educated and family planning methods. In this study, the educational level was positively linked with the usage of contraceptives.
In the literature, it is well established that the use of contraception has increased with education and that being exposed to education have a significant effect on the behavior of an individual. The study in Kenya also found that even after controlling for husband’s education and other relevant factors, a woman’s education is positively associated with use of contraception (Saleem, n.d.).
In Pakistan, men are dominating in decision making power especially in family planning. It may be said that most of respondents did not allow their wives to practice family planning because their wives were in young age and those who allowed their wives were in old age (Ayub, Kibria, ; Khan, n.d.). In Pakistan, there was high demand for contraception among but usage was quite low (Tabassum,Manj,Gunjial, ; Nazir, n.d.).
The current study concluded that there was no significant difference between educated and uneducated women’s autonomy in household decisions. In Pakistan, there was high demand for contraception among but usage was quite low(Tabassum,Manj, Gunjial, & Nazir, n.d.).The results concluded that there were non-significant results between age and contraceptive use. Gender, Power Dynamics is a huge hurdle on reproductive health decisions in Pakistan. The results were significantly vary between employed and unemployed women in the use of family planning methods. Working women have more autonomy in contraceptive decisions than non-working women.
The results were also significant between educational level and birth control methods
In Pakistan.Therefore, in Pakistani society, education can change the perception of women
about contraceptive use.
Pakistan is a patriarchal society.Women don’t have autonomy in their decision making
rights.They don’t enjoy their rights and fulfill their dreams.Also patriarchal system of the
society does not allow a woman to decide by her own. Before marriage, she tends to ask her
father and brother before making a decision or we can say they are the one who decides what
is right of wrong for her.Like this,after marriage her husband takes that seat and decides what
to do and what not to do.